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The Rocky Flats Closure Legacy report, produced by the Office of Environmental Management and previously available on their website, is provided here as a historic reference resource only. 

The Rocky Flats Closure Legacy Report was created to capture and preserve groundbreaking analyses, strategies and decisions carried out at Rocky Flats in support of the accelerated closure effort. This lessons-learned report is designed to chronicle the full history of the closure effort, covering not only the technical and scientific matters typically addressed in lessons learned arenas, but also the policy and programmatic issues that were addressed during the course of accelerated closure.

 

 Preface

Thank you for taking the time to read some or all of this Rocky Flats Closure Legacy report.  The Rocky Flats Closure Project spanned over a decade and was unique in many ways.  Recognizing that uniqueness this report takes a unique approach to sharing the lessons learned from the project, by considering not only the technical and scientific lessons, but also the policy and programmatic issues.   Communicating “lessons learned” and reaching the target audience has always been difficult.  This report was developed recognizing the challenge of communicating lessons learned as discussed in DOE-STD-7501-99, The DOE Corporate Lessons Learned Program.  The overall Legacy Project seeks to address that challenge in several ways:

  • First, the Rocky Flats Closure Legacy report is introduced by the “Rocky Flats – A Proud Legacy, A New Beginning” brochure, an 18-page, full color summary of the project history.  This summary of the Rocky Flats Closure Legacy introduces themes that are explained in more detail by this report, and the visually engaging format is intended to increase interest toward pursuing the more detailed lessons learned.  (see http://www.lm.doe.gov/Rocky_Flats/Sites.aspx for info)
  • Second, this report does not try to represent all viewpoints, or consensus positions reinforcing current DOE policy.  Rather it tries to fairly and accurately represent the conditions and influences that existed during the 10-year span of the project from the viewpoint of the DOE/Rocky Flats Managers and staff, and how the DOE and others reacted to them at the time.
  • Third, it is brutally frank.  The Rocky Flats Closure Project ended well, ahead of schedule, under budget, and with no major injuries to workers.  However, hundreds of events occurred along the way, some we learned from at the time and others only became clear in hindsight.  It is only through a frank and open look at the project history and lessons, both good and bad, that we can hope to learn and improve for the future

As the responsible DOE- Rocky Flats Manager at final site closure, I have assembled this report from over three years of diverse excerpts on lessons of various types.  However, the report has been prepared to chronicle the full history of the project, and as such capture events and lessons involving previous Rocky Flats Managers and the myriad of other participants.  Many people know some of the history and lessons at Rocky Flats.  From this comprehensive report both DOE employees and non-DOE may learn from the complete story.   I believe there are lessons for us all in the story of the Rocky Flats Closure.

   Frazer R. Lockhart
   Manager, Department of Energy
   Rocky Flats Project Office

 

Executive Summary 

The purpose of this Rocky Flats Closure Legacy report is to capture the successes and failures of the Rocky Flats closure experience. The Legacy report fulfills the guidance for capturing lessons learned found in the following DOE documents:

Although a substantial amount of information is provided, this document is not a template for success, since there is not a single recipe for this. There is no formula that can be applied to every site, since each site is different geographically, in terms of cleanup scope and future mission, and with different cultural and political issues. However, this document presents the experience at Rocky Flats to provoke thought about the vision, mission, project progress, and cooperation of the parties at other Environmental Management sites. And before the Rocky Flats experience is dismissed as an anomaly, it is hoped that some of the lessons from Rocky Flats will be carried forward and adapted to the closure experience at other sites.

Conversations between people that have contributed to the Rocky Flats Closure Project invariably lead to speculation as to why the project was successful. What is said and heard will depend upon therole played by the individuals...the regulators were cooperative...the contractorwas incentivized and motivated...the DOE delivered most of its governmentfurnished services and equipment on time...the budget appropriations wereconsistent and reliable at $650 million per year...closure was managed as afinite project and using project management principles...stakeholders wereinvolved in project planning...workers were involved in work planning.While each person brings a unique perspective, most will agree that no single factor was responsible for achieving accelerated closure, but that in some measure all of these factors and more were necessary for success. Some observers have stated that Rocky Flats  was lucky. While there was certainly a measure of good fortune, Rocky Flats was poised and willing to take advantage of it whenever it did materialize.

Beyond any specific innovation, it was through unparalleled cooperation among the interested parties that a conservative and compliant cleanup and closure of Rocky Flats was enabled; ahead of schedule, under cost, and without a fatality or serious injury. For  some individuals, engagement in the process of closing and transitioning Rocky Flats was derived from a dedication to the vision and mission. For others it was a more calculated commitment to what was achievable. But regardless of motivation, and with the exception of a few citizen activist groups, each party recognized that it was at the confluence of interests, rather than the satisfaction of any one particular interest, that the vision of accelerated closure would be realized. 

It was also realized that while the plant was undergoing risk reduction, the participants in the cleanup would need to take some political and programmatic risks if this project was to be successful. When Congress committed to the closure fund and to a 2006 closure for Rocky Flats they did not have available to them a final integrated project baseline. When the Kaiser-Hill  Company L.L.C. (K-H) signed the cleanup contract, Site characterization was not complete and DOE had not lined up the necessary assistance from Carlsbad, Savannah River, Oak Ridge,  Richland, LANL, LLNL, and others important to the success of Rocky Flats materials disposition. The regulators had not yet agreed to align project milestones with the lifecycle baseline. The community had not yet agreed to cleanup levels. Long standing issues of distrust needed to be overcome, yet, each of these organizations understood the opportunity to remove the risk from metropolitan Denver, to turn a liability into an asset and to focus  on a common vision, even when disagreeing on some of the details. And so, while debates about issues such as cleanup levels, dirty demolition, landfill capping, and 903 Pad remediation were acrimonious at times, they did not cause the cleanup mission to unravel. And when external barriers to closure were encountered, these same groups were largely united in their efforts to remove the barriers.

There are many lessons-learned from the Rocky Flats Closure Project included in this report. Although it is recognized that these lessons are not always directly applicable to every DOE clean-up effort, it is hoped that in some way they can be beneficial to every DOE site, and in fact, any controversial cleanup effort. Weconsider the following lessons, summarized here and addressed in more detail later in the report, as universally applicable:

  • SAFETY IS JOB 1: This lesson was reinforced throughout the closure project. If work cannot be safely performed, then the project grinds to ahalt. Early on in the project it was recognized that a significant investment in hazard identification, safety planning, and safety implementation during the actual work (i.e.,the DOE’s Integrated Safety Management System) ensured that work was performed safely without unacceptable risks or unnecessary delays to correct safety deficiencies. Later in the project we came to understand that safety focus did not merely enable work, but facilitated efficiency and acceleration by building trust and engaging the workforce.
  • CONTRACT REFORM WORKS: The Rocky Flats "experiment" proved that the DOE’s contract reforms worked.The first K-H "Integrating Management" contract demonstrated that incentivizing clearly defined performance measures vastly improved actual results. In fact, the performance measures sometimes worked too well, incentivizing results at odds with the ultimate goals of the contract. The Closure Contract took the concept to the next level, providing large incentives to the company and the workers to safely and compliantly complete the clean-up and closure scope within a target scope and cost. Additional incentives for schedule and cost savings resulted in closure more than one year ahead of schedule and $530 million under the contract budget.
  • WHAT, NOT HOW: The DOE must manage to a contract, not manage the work for the contractor. The contractor must learn to respond to contractual direction and not DOE informal requests. This was a difficult
    transition at Rocky Flats due to years of conditioning from the "Management & Operations" contract approach typical at large DOE sites. Ultimately, the DOE Rocky Flats learned (although not perfectly) to define the work scope and standards that must be met and observe, evaluate, and report to the manager and contracting officer regarding the contractor's performance on the terms of the contract. This did not undermine,but enhanced DOE’s safety and compliance oversight because the contract clearly required the contractor to work safely and compliantly in accordance with clearly defined requirements in the contract. Ultimately DOE's safety and compliance oversight became more objective and technical issues became less subjective as the DOE was forced to clearly cite a contractual non-compliance that required correction per the contract.
  • COLLABORATIVE WORKING RELATIONSHIPS: As described in detail throughout this report, the Rocky Flats Closure was successful because the stakeholders (in the broadest sense of the word) were engaged in the process and supportive of the ultimate goal. The interests of numerous key figures, including Members of Congress, senior DOE management, state and local elected officials, and state and federal regulators, were actively solicited and ultimately met – the regulatory cleanup agreement, closure contract, desired end state and project parameters were brought to convergence. We communicated openly and often to seek the best solutions, and came to value the input from formerly dogmatic opponents. Although there were differences in the details, the entire Rocky Flats community shared a common goal: Make It Safe - Clean It Up - Close It Down.
  • DON’T WAIT FOR ALL GREEN LIGHTS, BE READY: As the analogy states, "If we waited for every light to be green we would never get anywhere."  The Site moved steadily, ploddingly, painfully, but inexorably toward one goal: 2006 Closure. Early in the project this goal seemed unachievable, in 2003 we started to believe we could beat 2006, and by 2004 the momentum was established to finish in 2005. Nonetheless, if we had focused on what we couldn’t do in 1995, when K-H took over the Site, or 1999, when the DOE was trying to open WIPP, or 2002, when we were fighting in court to ship plutonium to SRS, or throughout the project as we debated "how clean is clean enough?" then we would still be sitting here talking about when will Rocky Flats be done. The fact is, we’re done! We didn’t have all the answers at the beginning but we made course corrections along the way. Good fortune favors those ready to take advantage of the opportunity and momentum builds with progress. Define your goal and get moving!

We hope you can use this report and its lessons as a springboard for action at your respective sites. It is the sincere hope of everyone involved with the Rocky Flats Closure Project that the legacy of Rocky Flats will not be "Look what we did here" but rather, "Look what started here."

 

Introduction

The Rocky Flats Closure Legacy report is organized into the following topical areas. The first five sections focus on the strategic issues necessary to establish and sustain the closure project:

The remaining ten sections focus on issues associated with implementation of the project:

The sections are designed to be independent, but also mutually reinforcing. Each section may be read as a stand-alone report, and enough background is provided to give the context and relevance of the section's topic area within the overall Rocky Flats Closure Project. In contrast, a user that reads the entire report from cover to cover will see certain themes and fundamental aspects of the project repeated, being reinforced and interwoven through multiple sections. The intent of this design was to make the lessons readily accessible to readers with a wide variety of backgrounds and interests. The effect can be compared to viewing the same events through different colored lenses, such that the focus of each section is highlighted against the backdrop of the total project. The most fundamental themes and lessons, present to some degree in almost every section, are reflected in the Executive Summary as the "bottom line".

The section format is designed to facilitate both general scanning for topics of interest and detailed discussion of the section topic. Margin quotes are provided to focus attention on key elements of the discussion. A "case study" format, with underlined titles at the beginning of a topic covered in the next few paragraphs also facilitates identification of topics of interest. The "Introduction" subsection is followed by a "Discussion" subsection that contains the details of the project approach and is sometimes further subdivided. The section concludes with a "Key Success Factors" subsection that summarize what Rocky Flats learned in the topic area. Citations are provided both by section and summarized in Appendix 1.

 

 RF Legacy Report - Table of Contents 

Strategic Planning

Project Implementation

Appendix 1 – Citation Summary

Appendix 2 – “Technology at Rocky Flats” Demonstration Summary Sheets

Appendix 3 – Lessons Learned (Appendix A of the Rocky Flats Baseline Performance Review Report) 

 

 Table Of Figures

 

Appendix 1 – Citation Summary

Ref No. Reference
1 Rocky Flats Strategic Plan, Department of Energy Rocky Flats Field Office, September 1994
2 Making Contracting Work Better and Cost Less, February 1994
Report of the Contract Reform Team
2a – The Report
2b – The Appendices  
3 FINAL Rocky Flats Cleanup Agreement, July 1996
4 Estimating the Cold War Mortgage, The 1995 Baseline Environmental Management Report (BEMR), March 1995
5 Rocky Flats Future Site Use Working Group Recommendations for Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site, June 1995
6 Comment Response Document, Rocky Flats Sitewide Environmental Impact Statement, 1994
7 Interim End State Plan Task Descriptions, September 1995
8 Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site Draft ACCELERATED SITE ACTION PROJECT, October 1995
8a – The Report
8b – The Appendices  
9 Phase II - Choices for Rocky Flats, Accelerated Site Action Project, Draft Revision 1, February 1996
9a – Part 1 Introduction
9b – Part 2 Presentation of Alternatives
9c – Part 3 Alternative Comparative Analysis
9d – Part 4 Path Forward
9e – Part 5 Appendices  
10 Barbara A. Mazurowski ltr. (01-00021) to Robert G. Card, Safety Concerns, January 5, 2001
12 Contract No. DE-AC34-95RF00925, Modification M014, Signed December 13, 1995
13 Contract No. DE-AC34-95RF00925, Modification M135, Signed November 1999
14 1996 Baseline Environmental Management Report, June 1996
15 Accelerating Cleanup: Focus on 2006 (“Ten Year Plan”), June 1997
16 10 Year Plan, Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site, Draft Version 1.0, July 1996
17 Rocky Flats Closure Project Management Plan, June 1998
18 Rocky Flats Interagency Agreement, January 1991
The State of Colorado, The USEPA, and the USDOE
18a – The Report
18b – The Appendices  
19 UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL-PROTECTION AGENCY REGION VIII, COLORADO DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, (RC3A VIII-86-06 - CERCLA VIII-86-06), IN THE MATTER OF: Department of Energy Rocky Flats Plant, Golden, Colorado COMPLIANCE AGREEMENT (RF-0169), July 1986
20 Albuquerque Operations Office Environment, Safety, and Health Division Environmental Programs Branch, Comprehensive Environmental Assessment and Response Program, Phase 1: Installation Assessment Rocky Flats Plant, April 1986
21 Settlement Agreement and State Compliance Order on Consent No. 94-07-07-01 EPA Docket #: CERCLA-VIII-91-03 & RCRA-VIII-91-07, August 1994
22 Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site, DRAFT FINAL Soil Action Levels Technical Memorandum (Waiver No. CEX-105-01), June 2003
23 FY2005 FINAL Historical Release Report, June 2006
24 Environmental Restoration RFCA Standard Operating Protocol (ER RSOP) for Routine Soil Remediation, Modification 1, September 2003

024a – The Report thru Section 13
Introduction, Regulatory And Stakeholder Interfaces, Site Description, Interfaces, Accelerated Action Decisions, Project Approach, Environmental Protection And Monitoring, Worker Health And Safety, Work Controls, Waste Management, Quality Assurance, Decision Management

024b – The Report Section 14 and Appendices
Environmental Consequences, Records Disposition, References

25 RSOP for Soil and Asphalt Management, August 2001
26 Decommissioning Program Plan, October 1998
27 Decontamination and Decommissioning (D&D) Characterization Protocol, Revision 3, April 2001
28 Building 771/774 Cluster Closure Project Reconnaissance Level Characterization Report, Revision 2, AUGUST 1998
29 Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site PRE-DEMOLITION SURVEY -REPORT (PDSR), Building 771, Area AF, REVISION 0, September 2004
30 RFCA Standard Operating Protocol (RSOP) for Recycling Concrete, September 1999
31 RFCA Standard Operating Protocol for Facility Disposition, August 2000
32 RFCA Standard Operating Protocol for Facility Component Removal, Size Reduction, and Decontamination Activities, February 2001
33 Contract No. DE-AC34-00RF01904, US Department of Energy ROCKY FLATS FIELD OFFICE and KAISER-HILL COMPANY, LLC, February 2000
34 RFCA Attachment 8, Regulatory Milestones, July 1996
35 Rocky Flats National Wildlife Refuge Final Comprehensive Conservation Plan and Environmental Impact Statement (DPP/EIS), September 2004
36 Rocky Flats Baseline Performance Review Report, June 2005, Appendix A, LL - 27 Interaction of EPA, State and Stakeholders on Regulatory Agreement
37 Contract No. DE-AC34-95RF00925, US Department of Energy ROCKY FLATS FIELD OFFICE and KAISER-HILL COMPANY, LLC, April 1995
38 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL AUDIT OF THE CONTRACTOR INCENTIVE PROGRAMS AT THE ROCKY FLATS ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY SITE (DOE/IG-0411), August 1997
39 Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site Closure Project Baseline, Revision 5, June 2000
40 Rocky Flats Baseline Performance Review Report, June 2005, Appendix A, LL - 02 Contract type CPIF easier to Manage
41 EV/SV MASTER MATRIX
42 Rocky Flats Baseline Performance Review Report, June 2005, Appendix A, LL - 05 Improvements to contract
43 Kaiser-Hill 1st Qtr FY 2004 Government Furnished Services and Items (GFS/I) Request, no date provided
44 Rocky Flats Baseline Performance Review Report, June 2005, Appendix A, LL - 04 Improvements to contract
45 Rocky Flats Baseline Performance Review Report, June 2005, Appendix A, LL - 14 Contract Language
46 Rocky Flats Baseline Performance Review Report, June 2005, Appendix A, LL - 03 Improvements to contract fee payment process
47 Rocky Flats Baseline Performance Review Report, June 2005, Appendix A, LL - 01 Contract Language
48 Rocky Flats Baseline Performance Review Report, June 2005, Appendix A, LL - 06 Improvements to contract related to fee schedules-recommendation for fixed quarterly payments
49 Rocky Flats Baseline Performance Review Report, June 2005, Appendix A, LL - 25 Federal Worker Mindset
51 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Accelerated Closure of Rocky Flats: Status and Obstacles, April 1999, GAO/RCED-99-100
52 NUCLEAR CLEANUP Progress Made at Rocky Flats, but Closure by 2006 Is Unlikely and Costs May Increase, February 2001, GAO-01-284
53 Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site Closure Project Baseline, Revision 3, 1999
54 Project Control System Description, March 2000
55 Rocky Flats Baseline Performance Review Report, June 2005, Appendix A, LL - 11 Cost savings and improved performance by consolidating Procurement systems
56 Rocky Flats Baseline Performance Review Report, June 2005, Appendix A, LL - 12 Waste Generation rates are Poor Project metric
57 Rocky Flats Baseline Performance Review Report, June 2005, Appendix A, LL - 07 Broader Interpretation of Risk Management Needed
58 Building 771/774 Basis For Operations, December 1999
60 Decommissioning Closeout Report for the 779 Cluster Interim Measure/Interim Remedial Action, February 1998
61 Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site Building 707/707A Decommissioning Basis for Interim Operation (DBIO), Revision 4, February 2002
61a – DOE Approval Report
61b – Executive Summary and Intro
61c – Chapter 2
61d – Chapter 3
61e – Chapter 4
61f – Chapter 5
61g – Chapter 6
61h – Chapter 7
61i – The Appendices  
62 Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site Safety Analysis Report, February 2001
62a – Chapters 1 & 2 (Introduction and Site Description and Characteristics)
62b – Chapter 3 (Site Configuration, Support Systems and Uti1ities)
62c – Chapters 4 & 5 (Site Hazard Analysis and Natural Phenomena and External Events)
62d – Chapter 6 (Safety Management Programs)
62e – Chapters 7 & 8 (Site Controls and Transportation Safety Analysis)
62f – Appendices A - G (Acronyms, Glossary, Facilities Listing, Fuel Gas Systems, Steam And Condensate System, Domestic Water System, Building 666 Safety Analysis)
62g – Appendices H - I (B881 Safety Analysis And RCRA Safety Analysis)
62h – Appendix J (Outdoor Waste Management
62i – SAR Approval
62j – Page Change Approvals
62k – More Page Change Approvals  
63 Site Safety Improvement Plan, Revision 6, April 16, 2001
64 EM-RFO--EGGR-771OPS-1994-0062, A Pu-containing liquid was drained from a process line. Line draining was not within the scope of procedure being used, August 1995
65 EM-RFO--KHLL-779OPS-1999-0006, D&D Worker in Building 779 Received Finger Laceration While Working in Glovebox 955 in Room 133, September 1999
66 EM-RFO--KHLL-NONPUOPS1-2002-0002, Beryllium Sample Results Above Action Level, September 2002
67 EM-RFO--KHLL-771OPS-2000-0057, Bioassay Results On Eleven Workers Above Decision Level, October 2001
68 EM-RFO--KHLL-371OPS-2003-0011, During D&D Operations Combustibles In Glovebox Ignited Causing A Fire Which Was Contained Inside of The Glovebox, December 2004
69 Kaiser-Hill Comprehensive Corrective Action Plan, January 2004
70 EM-RFO--KHLL-D&DOPS-2004-0003, Declaration of Operational Emergency Alert-Star: Fire Department Response to Report of Smoke From B991, December 2004
71 Rocky Flats Baseline Performance Review Report, June 2005, Appendix A, LL - 16 Walk-down of job site prior to initiation of work
72 Rocky Flats Baseline Performance Review Report, June 2005, Appendix A, LL - 17 Review standard work packages prior to start of work
74 Site Safety Continuous Improvement Plan, Revision 1, February 13, 2002
75 Rocky Flats Baseline Performance Review Report, June 2005, Appendix A, LL - 15 Separation of Private Vehicles and Commercial Traffic
76 Rocky Flats Baseline Performance Review Report, June 2005, Appendix A, LL - 24 Site Directives
77 Rocky Flats Baseline Performance Review Report, June 2005, Appendix A, LL - 22 Mutual Aid Agreements
78 Rocky Flats Baseline Performance Review Report, June 2005, Appendix A, LL - 23 Fire Services
79 Rocky Flats Closure Project Weekly Toolbox, May 17, 2004
80 Consolidation and Interim Storage of Special Nuclear Material at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact (DOE/EA-1060)
81 Disposition of Surplus Highly Enriched Uranium Final Environmental Impact Statement (DOE/EIS-0240)
82 Storage and Disposition of Weapons-Usable Fissile Materials Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (DOE/EIS-0229)
83 Surplus Plutonium Disposition Environmental Impact Statement (SPD EIS) (DOE/EIS-0283)
84 Final Environmental Impact Statement on Management of Certain Plutonium Residues and Scrub Alloy Stored at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (DOE/EIS-0277F)
85 Variance Request RFPE-DOE-5633.3B-VR-062, Safeguard Termination Authorization for All Attractiveness Level D Waste Derived from Plutonium Bearing Residues; RFPO transmittal letter AME:SPD:SB:03002, dated 8/20/1998
86 DOE-STD-3013-2004, Stabilization, Packaging, and Storage of Plutonium-Bearing Materials, April 2004
87 Defense Nuclear Facility Safety Board Recommendation 94-1, May 1994
88 William L. Stockho to Distribution, Plutonium Stabilization and Packaging (PuSPS) Project Lessons Learned, August 2003, WLS -003-02
89 Final Close-out Report for Building 123 Decommissioning Project as Required by RFCA, September 1998
90 Technical Basis Document for the Characterization of Surface Contaminated Objects, March 2001
91 771 Closure Project Decommissioning Operations Plan, Modification 5, August 2003
92 Facilities Disposition Program Manual, Revision 3, MAN-76-FDPM, October, 2001
94 Rocky Flats Baseline Performance Review Report, June 2005, Appendix A, LL - 21 Shipping of Large Waste Items
95 Rocky Flats Baseline Performance Review Report, June 2005, Appendix A, LL - 10 Use of “Pilot Project” status to streamline property disposal
96 Rocky Flats Baseline Performance Review Report, June 2005, Appendix A, LL - 29 Disposition of equipment, after its useful life, for a closure site
97 Rocky Flats Citizen's Advisory Board Weekly Fax 10/28/96 - 11/1/96, November 1996
99 Preparation of Justifications for Continued Operation (PRO-528-NSP-450), Version 1, October 2004
100 Rocky Flats Baseline Performance Review Report, June 2005, Appendix A, LL - 18 Shipment of Waste
101 Branch Technical Position on Concentration Averaging and Encapsulation, January 1995
102 ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION PROGRAM OPERATIONS PLAN (ERDC-2002-0001), Revision 1, May 2002
103 Environmental Restoration Program Health and Safety Plan for the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (PRO-1468-HASP-01), September 2001
105 Final RFCA Attachment 5, Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site Action Levels and Standards Framework for Surface Water, Ground Water, and Soils, May 2003
106 Kaiser Hill Rocky Flats Environmental Restoration Program Project Management Plan, August 2000
107 RFCA Attachment 5, Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site Action Levels and Standards Framework for Surface Water, Ground Water, and Soils, July 1996
109 Strategy For Land Configuration Design Basis Project, January 2001
110 Industrial Area and Buffer Zone Sampling and Analysis Plan, Modification 1, May 2004

110a – Chapters 1 – 5 (Introduction, Site Description, Data Quality Objectives, Sampling Strategy, Data Analysis Procedures)

110b – Chapters 6 – 10 and Appendices A & B (Data Management, Project Organization, Quality Assurance and Quality Control, Health and Safety, Schedule, References, and Appendices: A; SAP Modifications, B: Example Addendum: IHSS Group 700-4)

110c – Appendix C "Existing Data Compilation" Part 1 (IHSS Group 000-1 thru 600-6)

110d – Appendix C "Existing Data Compilation" Part 2 (All remaining IHSS Groups, References)

110e – Appendices D – J (Accelerated Action Ecological Screening Evaluation, Potential Contaminants of Concern, Contaminants of Concern, Method Detection Limits, and Reporting Limits, Acronyms, Quality Assurance Project Plan, Elevated Measurement Comparison, 903 Pad Linear Regression Case Study, Example Data Aggregation Problem)

110f – Appendix K (Response to Comments)

110g – Appendix L - (Modification 2 - Response to Comments, Maps)

111 Rocky Flats Baseline Performance Review Report, June 2005, Appendix A, LL - 08 Site Management after Remediation
112 Rocky Flats Baseline Performance Review Report, June 2005, Appendix A, LL - 25 Safeguards and Security at a Closure Site
113 Demonstration Summary Sheet-New Alpha Detection Instrumentation Developed for Characterizing SCO Waste, October 2002
114 Demonstration Summary Sheet-New Decontamination and Measurement Process for Gloveboxes Minimizes TRU Waste, March 2002
115 Rocky Flats Baseline Performance Review Report, June 2005, Appendix A, LL - 19 Correct shipping containers
116 Demonstration Summary Sheet-Polyurethane foam developed to block and brace waste container contents, June 2003
117 Demonstration Summary Sheet-Structural foam/encapsulant for leaded gloveboxes cuts worker risk and project cost, June 2003
118 Demonstration Summary Sheet-Aviation ground support equipment adapted for nuclear waste load-out at Rocky Flats, November 2003
119 Rocky Flats Baseline Performance Review Report, June 2005, Appendix A, LL - 20 Waste Handling
120 Demonstration Summary Sheet-Transporting low-level radioactive waste from Rocky Flats using railcars, October 2004
121 Demonstration Summary Sheet-Polyurea Coating Becomes Shipping Container for Radioactive Waste, September 2002
122 Demonstration Summary Sheet-Mobile WIPP-Certified Standard Waste Box Counter, February 2001
123 Demonstration Summary Sheet-Waste Tracker system improves TRU waste management at Rocky Flats, November 2003
124 Demonstration Summary Sheet-Gas Generation Testing Technology, February 2001
125 Demonstration Summary Sheet-Coated tarp material used as transportation package for non-compliant cargo containers, November 2002
126 Demonstration Summary Sheet-Chemical decontamination of gloveboxes and tanks improves safety, reduces TRU waste, no date provided
127 Demonstration Summary Sheet-Raschig Ring Vacuum System, no date provided
128 Demonstration Summary Sheet-Vac &Ship system removes gravel from B776 suspected buried equipment sites, June 2003
129 Demonstration Summary Sheet-Plasma-arc Cutting Technology, February 2001
130 Demonstration Summary Sheet-Passive Aerosol Generator reduces worker risk during decontamination activities, July 2003
131 Demonstration Summary Sheet-Ultra-high Pressure Water Jet Used to Remotely Cut B774 Tank, October 2002
132 Technology @ Rocky Flats, Chipless Duct Cutter Used To Remove Zone 1 Duct, June 2006
133 Technology @ Rocky Flats, Explosive Cutting, June 2006
134 Technology @ Rocky Flats, Building Interior Powered Hydraulic Equipment, June 2006
135 Demonstration Summary Sheet-New Treatment Rids RFETS of Largest Low-Level Mixed Waste Stream, June 2003
136 Demonstration Summary Sheet-New pumping and centrifuge systems successfully remove tank sludge, July 2003
137 Demonstration Summary Sheet-Hydrolasing Technology for the Cleanup of Radiologically Contaminated Surfaces, September 2002
138 Demonstration Summary Sheet-Contamination Survey Rate Logger System increases accuracy of contamination surveys, July 2003
139 Demonstration Summary Sheet-OST Support Resolves B771 Stack Characterization, March 2002
140 Demonstration Summary Sheet-Radio frequency alarms support “cold & dark” deactivation at Rocky Flats, July 2003
141 Technology @ Rocky Flats, Explosive Demolition, June 2006
142 Technology @ Rocky Flats, Temporary Structures for Remediation of High-Contamination Areas, June 2006
143 Demonstration Summary Sheet-Ground Water Contamination REMEDIATION AND STEWARDSHIP, February 2001
144 Demonstration Summary Sheet-Information management to support Remedial Action Program, August 2003
145 Demonstration Summary Sheet-Horizontal Directional Drilling (HDD) and Environmental Measurement while Drilling (EMWD), no date provided
146 Technology @ Rocky Flats, Pipe Overpack Containers, June 2006
147 DOE/WIPP-02-3122, CONTACT-HANDLED TRANSURANIC WASTE ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA FOR THE WASTE ISOLATION PILOT PLANT, Revision 4.0, December 2005
148 NRC Docket 71-9218; TRUPACT-II Safety Analysis Report, Rev. 21, May 2005
149 WIPP HAZARDOUS WASTE FACILITY PERMIT NM4890139088 -TSDF
150 Wirth-Lamm Task Force on Rocky Flats, October 1975
152 Long-Range Rocky Flats Utilization Study (ALO-1983), February 1983
153 Blue Ribbon Citizen's Committee Final Report on the Department of Energy Long-Range Utilization Study, December 1983
154 Final Report Colorado Environment 2000 Governor's Citizen Advisory Committee, June 1990
155 Rocky Flats National Wildlife Refuge Act, December 2001 (Pub. L. No. 107-107 && 3171-3182, 115 Stat. 1012, 1379-1388)
156 From Swords to Plowshares, A Plan for the Reuse of the Industrial Area of the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site, September 1998

156a – The Report

156b – Appendices A-D and Other I (Summary of Public Engagement Process, List of Informational Interviews, Local Government Briefings, FSUWG Participants), and (Public Engagement Reports, Local Government Actions/Resolutions, RF Citizens Advisory Board Activities, Citizen's Comments, Citizen's Comments on the RF Reuse Web Site, Newspapers and Magazines)

156c – Appendices Other II (RFLII Market Overview, RF Environmental Conditions, Industrial Area Infrastructure Evaluation)

156d – Appendices Other III (Facility Assessment for the Industrial Area Reuse Study)

157 Natural Heritage Resources of the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site and Their Conservation, Phase II: The Buffer Zone, Final Report, Final Rev., February 1996
158 Natural Resources Management Policy Rev. 0, September 1998
159 A Review of the Environmental Management Program, Presented to the Assistance Secretary For Environmental Management by the Top-to-Bottom Review Team, February 2002
160 Press Release, Department of Energy Announces a New Office of Legacy Management, February 2003
161 Statement of Michael W. Owen, Director Worker and Community Transition, Department of Energy, Before The Subcommittee on Strategic Forces, Committee on Armed Forces, United States Senate, April 2003
162 Site Transition Plan for the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site, March 2005
163 Environmental Statement Land Acquisition Rocky Flats Plant Colorado (WASH-1518), April 1972
164 Letter, Karen Imbierowicz to Spencer Abraham and Gale Norton, January 7, 2005
165 Federal Register, Vol. 70, No. 54, Pg. 14452-14457
167 Public Law 109-163, NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2006, Section 3112, January 2006
169 Rocky Flats Baseline Performance Review Report, June 2005, Appendix A, LL - 28 Transitioning regulatory documentation/td>
172 Jessie M. Roberson memorandum (OOM:JMR:00092) to Direct Reports, RFPO, Revocation of Delegations of Authority, September 6, 1996
173 Rocky Flats Field Office Site Closure Handbook, Revision 1, February 1998
174 Preliminary Assessment Rocky Flats Field Office Federal Workforce Transition and Site Closure, November 2002
175 Rocky Flats Field Office Function and Position Analysis, July 2003
176 Assessment of Rocky Flats Field Office Calendar Year 2003 Reduction in Force (Assessment No. RFPO-04-0024), August 2004
177 Contract between American Federation of Government Employees, AFL-CIO Local 1103 and the U. S. Department of Energy Rocky Flats Field Office, Signed December 2, 1998
178 MARS 2001 Multiple Appraiser Rating System A Guidebook to RFFO's Performance Appraisal System (Revision 5), April 2001
179 Contract, American Federation of Government Employees and the U. S. Department of Energy, Rocky Flats Field Office, December, 1998
180 Eugene C. Schmitt ltr. (03-DOE-00540) to To Whom It May Concern, May 13, 2003 and other associated documents
183 FINAL REPORT Technical Project Summary Radionuclide Soil Action Level Oversight Panel, February 2000
184 Risk Communication, Fugitive Values, and the Problem of Tradeoffs at Rocky Flats, A REPORT prepared by Theresa Satterfield and Josh Levin, Decision Research for the U. S. Department of Energy Low Dose Radiation Research Program, December 2002
185 Nuclear Cleanup of Rocky Flats DOE Can Use Lessons Learned to Improve Oversight of Other Sites' Cleanup Activities (GAO-060352), June 2006
186 Moore, LeRoy, ROCKY FLATS The bait-and-switch cleanup, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, January/February 2005
187 Hand-in-Hand: Stewardship and Cleanup Report from the Rocky Flats Stewardship Working Group to The Rocky Flats Coalition of Local Governments and The Rocky Flats Citizens Advisory Board, March 2001
188 Rocky Flats Long-Term Stewardship Strategy, Final Draft, June 2003
189 AN AERIAL RADIOLOGICAL SURVEY OF THE AREA SURROUNDING AND ENCOMPASSING THE ROCKY FLATS ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY SITE (DOE/NV/11718--1153), December 2005
190 INDEPENDENT VERIFICATION OF SOILS AT THE 903 PAD INNER AND OUTER LIP AREAS ROCKY FLATS ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY SITE, GOLDEN, COLORADO
191 Max H. Dodson, Gary Baughman, and Frazer Lockhart ltr. to Distribution, Re: Removal of the 13 Areas of Elevated Surface Soil at the 903 Lip Area, September 27, 2005
193 Service Level Agreement Between The Environmental Management Consolidated Business Center (EMCBC) and The Rocky Flats Project Office (RFPO), April 2005
194 An Analysis of the Potential for Redirection of the Rocky Flats Environmental Restoration Program (Preliminary Draft for Discussion Purposes Only), February, 1994
195 Kaiser Hill Company LLC (Kaiser-Hill) Post-Closure Access to Records Databases and Applications, June 2006
196 Facility Decommissioning Cost Model Summary of Model and Supporting Documentation, Revision 3, April 2000
197 Demonstration Summary Sheet-Harmonic Delamination: "Sonic Shakedown" makes Smart Work out of Risky Work, no date provided
198 Measurement Plan for Holdup Characterization of Building 771, Revision 1 (4-81 232-97-PLAN-HOLDUP-00 1), April 1998
199 Rocky Flats Site History, events leading to the creation of the weapons complex and events at the Rocky Flats Site from the 1930s to present, February 2002
200 Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site Property Management Manual (1-MAN-009-PMM), REVISION 1, September 1999
201 ROCKY FLATS ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY SITE PROPERTY CONTROL MANUAL (MAN-141-PCM), VERSION 0, December 2004
202 Draft Risk Based End State Vision Document for the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site, no date provided
203 Eugene C. Schmitt memorandum (OOM:BJ:03-00919) to Rocky Flats Field Office Employees Grades 15 and below, Information Notice of Reduction-In-Force, July 30, 2003
204 EM-RFO--KHLL-NONPUOPS1-2002-0003, Building 865 Rigging Incident October 2002
205 EM-RFO--KHLL-NONPUOPS1-2002-0004, Active Fire Suppression Line Cut During Equipment Dismantlement, November2002
206 EM-RFO--KHLL-NONPUOPS1-2002-0005, Improper Respiratory Protection in Beryllium Area, December 2002
207 EM-RFO--KHLL-NONPUOPS1-2002-0006, Personal Injury While Size Reducing Metal, January 2003
208 EM-RFO--KHLL-NONPUOPS1-2002-0007, Load Slipped Out of Rigging During Lift, December 2002
209 Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site Proposed Plan, July 2006
210 Attachment A, Omnibus Agreement Regarding Accelerated Closure Contract Issues (Omnibus Paper), Revision 5, March 2005.

210a – The Omnibus Transmittal Letter

210b – The Omnibus Agreement ("Attachment A" in the name of the document reflects the original intent to make the Agreement an addendum to the Closure Contract. The action to do so was never formalized.)

210c – A-1 Inspection and Acceptance of Draft Remedial Investigation / Feasibility Study and Draft Comprehensive Risk Assessment

210d – A-2 Industrial Area Culvert Disposition, May 26,2004 (over-sized map)

210e – A-3 Buffer Zone Culvert Disposition, December 7,2004 (over-sized map)

210f – A-4 Schematic for Current Flow and Water Transfer Network at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site, 1/22/03

210g – A-5 Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determination - WO/CX03-03, Joseph R. Rau memo (01632), Categorical Exclusion (CXO3-03) Breaching of C-1 Dam and Removal of Concrete Spillway, December 4,2003

210h – A-6 Conceptual IA Grading, Drawing No. 51754-C6OO7 Issue 12 (over-sized map)

210i – A-7 Conceptual IA Grading: Central Avenue Grading and Drainage FC-5 (Draft), June 11, 2004 (11 x 17” map)

210j – A-8 Buffer Zone Debris Removal Locations, March 4, 2004 (over-sized map)

210k – A-9 Rocky Flats Debris Locations- as compiled by FWS biologists and Ken Brakken, 3/3 1/2004

210l – A-10 Status, Issues and Actions for Disposition of Problematic Orphan Waste Streams, 4/21/04, Revised January 13,2005

210m – A-11 Frazer R. Lockhart memo (00205), Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site Orphan Radioactive Waste Streams, 03/16/04

210n – A-12 Orphan Waste Shipment Status, January 13,2005

210o – A-13 Closure Sectors

210p – A-14 Closure Contract Physical Completion Declaration, Inspection and Acceptance (Full Completion / 2-Step Process)

210q – A-15 Joseph A. Legare letter (000209), January 18,2005 (re consultative process for the Draft CRA)

210r – A-16 Proposed Closure Groundwater Monitoring Network, Draft, November 11,2004 (11 x 17” map)

210s – A-17 Verification Procedure for Contract Requirement No C. 1.2 (5), Physical Structures 3 Feet Below Final Grade, December 2,2004, Revision 3

210t – memo: KH continue to manage waste after Physical Completion

211 Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site 2010 Closure Project Baseline Validation Final Report, PriceWaterhouseCoopers, July 1999
212 Baseline Confidence Review, 2006 Rocky Flats Closure Project Plan, U. S. Department of Energy Rocky Flats Field Office, Ernst&Young LLP, September 1999

212a – Sections 1 – 3 (Executive Summary, Scope of Work and Approach, Conclusions)

212b – Sections 4.1 – 4.4 (Detailed Results of Study: Planning Assumptions, Closure Plan Methodology, Risk Management, Schedule Review)

212c – Sections 4.5 – 4.7 and Appendices A - D (Detailed Results of Study: Cost Review, Waste Management, Environmental Restoration and Appendices: Interview List, Acronyms and Abbreviations, Waste Generation Inventory and Shipping Forecast, Basis of Schedule Estimate, and Programmatic Risk Scores)

213 External Independent Review (E.I.R.) of the Rocky Flats Integrated Closure Project Baseline (ICPB), June 2001

 

Appendix 2 – "Technology at Rocky Flats" Demonstration Summary Sheets

Demonstration Summary Sheet Title Ref. No.
New Alpha Detection Instrumentation Developed for Characterizing SCO Waste 113
New Decontamination and Measurement Process for Gloveboxes Minimizes TRU 114
Polyurethane foam developed to block and brace waste container contents 116
Structural foam/encapsulant for leaded gloveboxes cuts worker risk and project cost 117
Aviation ground support equipment adapted for nuclear waste load-out at Rocky Flats 118
Transporting low-level radioactive waste from Rocky Flats using railcars 120
Polyurea Coating Becomes Shipping Container for Radioactive Waste 121
Mobile WIPP-Certified Standard Waste Box Counter 122
Waste Tracker system improves TRU waste management at Rocky Flats 123
Gas Generation Testing Technology 124
Coated tarp material used as transportation package for non-compliant cargo containers 125
Chemical decontamination of gloveboxes and tanks improves safety, reduces TRU 126
Raschig Ring Vacuum System 127
Vac &Ship system removes gravel from B776 suspected buried equipment sites 128
Plasma-arc Cutting Technology 129
Passive Aerosol Generator reduces worker risk during decontamination activities 130
Ultra-high Pressure Water Jet Used to Remotely Cut B774 Tank 131
Chipless Duct Cutter Used To Remove Zone 1 Duct 132
Explosive Cutting 133
Building Interior Powered Hydraulic Equipment 134
New Treatment Rids RFETS of Largest Low-Level Mixed Waste Stream 135
New pumping and centrifuge systems successfully remove tank sludge 136
Hydrolasing Technology for the Cleanup of Radiologically Contaminated Surfaces 137
Contamination Survey Rate Logger System increases contamination survey accuracy 138
OST Support Resolves B771 Stack Characterization 139
Radio frequency alarms support “cold & dark” deactivation at Rocky Flats 140
Explosive Demolition 141
Temporary Structures for Remediation of High-Contamination Areas 142
Ground Water Contamination REMEDIATION AND STEWARDSHIP 143
Information management to support Remedial Action Program 144
Horizontal Directional Drilling and Environmental Measurement while Drilling 145
Pipe Overpack Container 146
Harmonic Delamination 197

 

Appendix 3 – Lessons Learned (Appendix A of the Rocky Flats Baseline Performance Review Report)

Lessons Learned Number and Title Ref. No.
LL - 01 Contract Language 47
LL - 02 Contract type CPIF easier to Manage 40
LL - 03 Improvements to contract fee payment process 46
LL - 04 Improvements to contract 44
LL - 05 Improvements to contract 42
LL - 06 Improvements to contract related to fee schedules 48
LL - 07 Broader Interpretation of Risk Management Needed 57
LL - 08 Site Management after remediation 111
LL - 09 Make manager responsible for employee’s cleanup/out of records 170
LL - 10 Use of “Pilot Project” status to streamline property disposal 95
LL - 11 Cost savings and improved performance by consolidating procurement systems 55
LL - 12 Waste Generation rates are Poor Project metric 56
LL - 14 Contract Language 45
LL - 15 Separation of Private Vehicles and Commercial Traffic 75
LL - 16 Walk-down of job site prior to initiation of work 71
LL - 17 Review standard work packages prior to start of work 72
LL - 18 Shipment of Waste 100
LL - 19 Correct shipping containers 114
LL - 20 Waste Handling 119
LL - 21 Shipping of Large Waste Items 94
LL - 22 Mutual Aid Agreements 77
LL - 23 Fire Services 78
LL - 24 Site Directives 76
LL - 25 Federal Worker Mindset (First LL – 25 Citation) 49
LL - 25 Safeguards and Security at a Closure Site (First LL – 25 Citation) 112
LL - 26 Tracking Reemployment of Separated Employees 169
LL - 27 Interaction of EPA, State and Stakeholders on Regulatory Agreement 36
LL - 28 Transitioning regulatory documentation 153
LL - 29 Disposition of equipment, after its useful life, for a closure site 96

 

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Last Updated: 6/20/2018